Daniel Webster GoreDaniel Webster Gore
Served in the 57th PA Infantry
Following are the engagements and services for the 57th. The combat of the regiment is slightly more elaborated on near the bottom.
Raised: Bradford, Crawford, Mercer, and Tioga counties.
Regimental History ~ Dyerâ€™s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Harrisburg December 14, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C, December 14. Attached to Jamesonâ€™s Brigade, Heintzelmanâ€™s Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.â€“Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., until March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula March 16-18. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Skirmish Yorktown April 11. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven Days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove June 25. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill
July 1. Duty at Harrisonâ€™s Landing until August 16. Movement to Centreville August 16-26. Skirmish at Bull Run August 20. Popeâ€™s Campaign in Northern Virginia. Battles of Gainesville August 28; Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September 1. Guard fords from Monocacy River to Conradâ€™s Ferry until October. March up the Potomac to Leesburg, thence to Falmouth, Va., October 11-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Burnsideâ€™s 2nd Campaign, â€œMud March,â€ January 20-24, 1863.
At Falmouth, Va., until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Whapping Heights, Va., July 23. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 13-14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kellyâ€™s Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payneâ€™s Farm November 27. Veterans on furlough January to March, 1864.
Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Harrisâ€™ Farm May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Weldon Railroad June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration north of the James at Deep Bottom July 27-29, and August 13-20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18.
Reamâ€™s Station August 25. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcherâ€™s Run, October 27-28. Expedition to Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Consolidated to five Companies January 11, 1865. Dabneyâ€™s Mills, Hatcherâ€™s Run, February 5-7. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Boydton Road March 30-31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailorâ€™s Creek April 6. High Bridge, Farmville, April 7. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Burkesville until May. March to Washington D. C, May 2-12. Grand Review May 23. Duty at Alexandria until June.
Mustered out June 29, 1865. Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 149 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 217 Enlisted men by disease. Total 378.
On the 11th of June the regiment broke camp, and marched on the Gettysburg campaign, arriving at Emmittsburg, Maryland, on the 1st of July. At two o'clock in the afternoon, the corps resumed the march, and arrived on the ground after dark, bivouacking in an open field to the right of the Emmittsburg pike.
At daylight of the 2d it moved to the front. Considerable time elapsed before the line was formed. Graham's Brigade was posted in the open field facing the pike. At four P. M. the enemy opened with artillery, and for an hour and a half the solid earth was shaken by his unceasing fire, the regiment being much exposed, and many being wounded by his bursting shells. As the fire ceased, the brigade moved forward and attacked the enemy's infantry, which was just then advancing from the wood beyond Sherfy's. It was soon hotly engaged, and for a time checked his advance. The right of the Fifty-seventh rested on Sherfy's house, in an admirable position, where the men could fire deliberately and with excellent effect. But the regiments farther to the left, failing to get into position in time, the enemy broke through, and flanking the position, caused Graham to fall back.
A considerable number of the men had taken cover in an old cellar, and amidst the noise and confusion, did not receive the order to retire, nor notice the withdrawal of the rest of the regiment, but still kept up a rapid and most destructive fire. When too late, they discovered their isolated position, and were nearly all taken prisoners. A portion of the Sixth Corps came timely to the assistance of the Third, and the advance of the enemy was stayed.
The regiment was re-formed by Captain A.H. Nelson, and marched three-quarters of a mile to the rear, where it rested for the night. In the afternoon of the 3d it moved a half-mile to the right, and went to the front, where in the afternoon it was exposed to a severe shelling, but did not again become engaged. On the night of the 3d it was placed on picket, in front of the Second Corps, on the ground where the enemy had made his desperate charges, and the dead and wounded commingled, were thickly strewn on all the field.
The loss was twelve killed, forty-five wounded, and forty-seven missing. General Graham was taken prisoner. Lieutenants Henry Mitchell and John F. Cox were killed, Colonel Sides was among the wounded, and Major Neeper, and Lieutenants Burns, Crossley, and Hines, were among the captured.
Dyerâ€™s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion
3rd cousin 4X removed of compiler L. L. Kimmel